Dealing with loss or the death of a friend or family member is incredibly difficult, and there are no standard or typical ways to grieve. For young people grief and loss can be especially difficult to understand and work through. If, after a considerable period of time a person is still not coping well with grief, they may require further support.
Signs someone isn’t coping with grief and loss:
- considerable weight changes
- withdrawal from friends or family
- poor concentration
- difficulties at work or school.
What is grief?
Grief is a reaction people experience in response to loss or death. There is no typical response to grief or loss, nor is there any set time frame that a person may take to grieve. Intense grief may last weeks or months, and many people continue to grieve throughout their life. Although no grieving is ‘easy’, the circumstances of the loss can greatly affect the grief experienced. Deaths that are sudden, violent and unexpected can be the most difficult for young people to come to terms with.
In response to grief and loss, people may experience feelings of:
These feeling may be intense for a period of weeks or months, and can result in a person withdrawing for a period of time from friends and family. If this persists, and a person feels too overwhelmed to return to work or school in some capacity after a significant period of time, it may be an indication that they are not coping with their grief and may benefit from support services.
The five stages of grief
It is suggested there are five stages associated with healthy grieving and loss. The five stages of grief include:
- denial, disbelief and numbness
- anger and blaming others
- bargaining (e.g. “if cured of cancer, I will never smoke again”)
- depressed mood, sadness, and crying
- acceptance and coming to terms with the loss.
What young people can do about grief and loss
When experiencing grief it is important that people allow themselves time to grieve, and understand that it is okay to express the emotions that they are experiencing. For example, crying is a very common and natural response to grief. Furthermore, it is important to grieve in a manner that allows for remembering and still feeling connected to the person who has passed away whilst also learning how to adjust to the changes that have occurred.
Taking care to look after themselves, such as having regular meals and showers, and undertaking some gentle exercise, such as walking, can help with grief management.
Setting aside a period of time each day to grieve can be useful. This time can be used as an opportunity to express and acknowledge emotions or could be a time to meditate.
Keeping a diary, and writing down personal feelings and memories of the person who has passed away, is a good way to self-reflect and to remember the person that has passed away and how important they were. Keeping a diary can also be a useful tool in assessing the grief processes, and to raise awareness of how this will change over time.
Finally, talking helps people to process thoughts and emotions. It can be helpful to friends and family about the situation, or other support people, such school counsellors or a psychologist is often helpful. This is especially important if someone is feeling they cannot cope with grief.
ReachOut.com resources on grief and loss
- Working through grief
- Building coping skills
- Common reactions to death
- Managing grief during the festive season
- Grieving for a stranger
Recommended professional resources
How to help
- Acknowledge their loss and the need to take time to grieve.
- Encourage them to take time, while paying particular attention to taking care of themselves.
- Help them to reflect and find meaning in the loss.
- If their grief is having a long term impact on their mental health over a sustained period of time, consider recommending a visit to a psychologist.