Developing positive and respectful relationships within your school community is a fundamental part of bullying prevention education. This lesson will discuss how to establish and maintain respectful relationships as a way to prevent bullying.

Year level



60 minutes


In class activity

SEL Competencies

Social awareness

Relationship skills

Learning intention

Students will be able to understand the concept of respect and learn how to establish and maintain respectful relationships.

Key outcomes

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain what respect means within a relationship

  • understand how respect can differ across cultures

  • discuss what essential ingredients make up a respectful relationship.

Materials needed

  • Copies of recipes from a cookbook or cooking website such as

Mapped to

Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education

  • Examine the roles of respect, empathy, power and coercion in developing respectful relationships (AC9HP8P04)

  • Plan, rehearse and evaluate strategies for managing situations where their own or others’ health, safety or wellbeing may be at risk (AC9HP10P08)

Australian Curriculum: General Capabilities

  • Personal and Social Capability:

    • Social awareness

    • Social management

  • Ethical Understanding:

    • Understanding ethical concepts and perspectives

NSW PDHPE Syllabus

  • Investigates effective strategies to promote inclusivity, equality and respectful relationships (PD4-3)

  • Analyses factors and strategies that enhance inclusivity, equality and respectful relationships (PD5-3)

Victorian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education

  • Investigate the benefits of relationships and examine their impact on their own and others’ health and wellbeing (VCHPEP127)

  • Investigate how empathy and ethical decision-making contribute to respectful relationships (VCHPEP146)

  • Evaluate situations and propose appropriate emotional responses and then reflect on possible outcomes of different responses to health and wellbeing (VCHPEP147)

Show details

Activity 1

Class discussion: Respect

15 minutes

  1. As a class group, students discuss what respect means to students in their own family and culture. Invite students to discuss the differences between cultures and families and suggest reasons for these differences.

  2. Topics to guide discussions:

    • How is respect demonstrated?

    • Can respect be demanded, or must it be earned? Why?

    • Is this the same in all situations? With all people?

    • What happens when people abuse the respect they are given?

Activity 2

Investigation and application

45 minutes

  1. Explain to students that developing respectful relationships is just like a recipe – the right amounts of the right ingredients are needed to make a great relationship. There are several ingredients that are important to have in respectful relationships.

  2. Brainstorm ingredients students believe are essential for respectful relationships – for example, trust, care, safety, fun, shared views, communication (talking and listening), honesty, praise or compliments where appropriate, apologies where appropriate, loyalty, support.

  3. Ask students to write a recipe for a respectful relationship. You may need to provide students with a sample recipe to model their response on, or a scaffold or template to follow.

  4. Share their recipes with the rest of the class.


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